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Op-ED

Ayanna Kindell 

English for Science 

Prof. Grove 

3/11/20 

The Effects of Children Transitioning 

Transitioning can be a very hard or pleasant time in a person’s life. Transitioning from male to female, female to male, or any other gender preference is the process of lifestyle, medication, and surgical changes to the body and mind in order to be the gender you perceive yourself to be an agenda you want others to see you as. We have all heard stories of people transitioning in their early twenties or late teens but recently it has become a national debate on whether children are prepubescent or a little older transitioning and the effects it can have on their social health, their physical health and their mental health. In today’s society, there are already negative comments about people transitioning and undergoing surgery but children taking hormone blockers, changing their hair styles, undergoing surgery as young as birth seems to have a lot of backlash. Thankfully, there are many articles with scientific evidence to help us decide whether or not children should be able to transition . When a child decides to transition, the first part, which is the easiest part would be choosing a new name, changing their pronouns and wearing a tire to fit what they want to be seen as. This may seem easy but children who do this are often bullied and they are called derogatory names by their peers because children are not yet as accepting as the world is, they only know what their parents have taught them and what their parents allow the media to show them. If they see a boy wearing pigtails and a pink dress they could call him names such as “pansy” or call him “a bitch”. There are many articles of children reporting bullying for years and still showing negative effects as a teen and an adult. Really, the abuse could start at home. There are parents who will not accept their child as a transgender and believe that abuse is the way to “ beat” the gay out of them or make them realize that being transgender is wrong. In fact there are conversion camps that still exist with the sole purpose of trying to make teens or young adults heterosexual by any means possible. These camps are usually described by the victims as torture and disrespectful. The next step in transitioning would be medicating their bodies and taking puberty blockers. These medications block or suppress the body’s natural production of estrogen or testosterone which will undoubtedly stop any physical changes that come with puberty. This allows the parents and child to not only decide whether they truly want to proceed with this lifealtering decision, but also makes it easier if they want to transition because they will not have the anatomy of the undesired gender which makes it easy to surgically enhance their natural bodies into the body that they want to have or perceive themselves to be. Doctors who use medications to suppress puberty say that these allow children to face their gender dysmorphia. They claim that this allows them to “ explore and settle on their gender identity” (Boghani). I believe this is helpful because a child may not know what gender they want to conform to at 7 but puberty is just around the corner for a child that age. These pills allow them to truly explore their gender and sexuality. They may not even want to be transgender they may want to be non binary. “The danger of letting children transition gender too early” by Leyla Sanai Expresses the dangers of allowing children to transition at a very young age as young as 3 years old. She describes the psychological abuse that they may face when they are sent to school in the opposite genders clothing, despite the teacher Telling the parents not to do this, or changing the name on their passport. A couple in the United Kingdom had five children biological and three Fostered. Three of the five kids of that couple expressed confusion with their gender. The child who had their name legally changed from a male name to a female’s name Express Suicidal Thoughts saying that they did not want to live anymore. She later backs her claim of the dangers with “‘Social’ transitioning – allowing children to adopt the clothes, names, and social identity of the opposite gender – is not as invasive and potentially irreversible as ‘medical’ transition, which involves hormones and surgery. In the UK, children have to be 17 before they can legally be started on hormone treatment, but hormone blockers can be administered from puberty onwards. Some children enter puberty before they reach their teens’ ‘ (Sanai). She claims that this could cause puberty early on. Like I stated before, social transitioning with changing your clothes and picking a new name is the easiest part and Sanai says that this is the least traumatic part. With her writing, their name has to be changed and they have to adopt a new social identity. They have to play sports with others, establish a social setting, and with this there will be psychological and social implications if they change their mind. If the child chooses to detransition it will be just as painful as transitioning because they were known as a girl, transitioned into a boy most of their youth, and now want to be seen as a girl again. The initial transition was possibly difficult due to people not accepting them, but now it’ll be harder because they have already gone through the puberty blockers, hormones, a new wardrobe, and no one knows them as their previous name. She puts the number of children changing their mind about being the wrong gender as high as 60 to 80% once they reach their adulthood and claims that most children diagnosed with suspected gender dysmorphia do change their mind which is the cause for such a high percentage of regret. The mental health of transgender teenagers and kids are also up for discussion. Before anything mental health is a priority for health officials because that can affect your physical health. Many studies show that “transgender adolescents and adults who are open about their transition have consistently reported dramatically elevated rate of anxiety, depression, and suicidality among transgender people. These elevated rates of psycho psychopathology are likely the result of years of prejudice,discrimination and stigma” (Pediatrics). “The bottom line is we don’t really know how sex hormones impact any adolescent’s brain development,” Dr. Lisa Simons, a pediatrician at Lurie Children’s, told FRONTLINE (Boghani). This leads to my next point of young research. Despite transitioning or even wearing clothes typically assigned to a different gender, there is not a lot of research on this topic. Especially concerning the medicational aspect of this. Newer medication is continuously coming out and the long-lasting effects with this research are not known. With that being said, different reports come out, some in favor of the medication and some opposing the medication but we do not have proven facts of a 20-year case or older because of this essentially new road in the medical field. This is in contrast to the Vox article which claims that these effects are irreversible. They depict “It’s possible that many prepubescent transgender children will, in fact, change their minds about transitioning medically” (Turban). He also says that scientists do not have great research on this topic yet. Thankfully interventions that transitional doctors recommend are “ completely safe and reversible”. He also claims that medical guidelines advise that children who have not reached puberty should not be offered any hormonal interventions. Lastly he claims that a child should be able to socially transition if they want to. I believe that is the best thing to do for a prepubescent child because if a child has a strong urge to transition then they should be allowed to. I believe that if the child wants to First socially transition, then dress differently, they should be given the chance to because this is their time to really consider if they want to make a permanent change to their body or not. The permanent change would be a sex change performed on their genitals and taking hormones to fit the body they want to be in. I believe children should be able to take hormones once they get to the age where they start hitting puberty. From personal experience hormonal shots do alter the body and will block your estrogen or testosterone, and side effects will occur but once off the four your body will change back. on the contrast, I believe that a sex change surgery is a very drastic decision and should not be done until 16 or 18 because this child could go through doubts of wanting to be a different gender, or may want to completely stop their sex change and I don’t believe that general surgery is reversible. If possible you will not have the same general as you wanted had you stayed the gender you were born into. Below, I linked a video of three people who publicly admitted to regretting their sex change. all three of them went through what I would call body dysmorphia at a young age and all transition at a very young age. They are now much older in life and want their original sex back this is one of the main argument in denying a sex change to an adolescent because there are people who regret their sex change and can do nothing about it. they all had surgery performed on their genitalia and now cannot enjoy your life. One man now admits that he can no longer enjoy sex because his vaginal cavity is too shallow. this is a perfect example for doctors to use when they claim that children should not be allowed to have a sex change. i truly believe that this is an An example why children should not be able to have a sex change but I wouldn’t they they should be denied one. it is up to the owner of the body to make decisions for themselves and if they later regret it then that is something that they would have to deal with. It is not up to me or another doctor to “ save them from regret”. In continuence, with new medical advances we may be able to preserve this person’s original gender in preparence for them wanting to change their sex. In conclusion I believe children should be able to transition at any age, despite the hardships that come along with a sex change. There are many hardships in the journey to transition from any gender to another, so I do not believe it is fair for anyone to impose their beliefs on another person. I have to go on the journey alone just as I or anyone else must endeavor on our own journey and want to be alone in it. It’s their decision not up to me or any other doctor which is why I believe that at any age a child with the ability to make conscious decisions should be able to transition. 

Works Cited

 Olson, Kristina R., et al. “Mental Health of Transgender Children Who Are Supported in Their Identities.” American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Pediatrics, 1 Mar. 2016, pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/137/3/e20153223. “Pediatrician: Transgender ideology causing child abuse.” 

Fox New, 27 July 2017. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ncl3ZFitt84 Soh, Debra W. “Why Transgender Kids Should Wait to Transition.” Pacific Standard, 1 Sept. 2015, psmag.com/social-justice/why-transgender-kids-should-wait-to-transition. 

Turban, Jack. “It’s Okay to Let Your Transgender Kid Transition – Even If They Might Change Their Mind in the Future.” Vox, Vox, 23 Oct. 2018, www.vox.com/2018/10/22/18009020/transgender-children-teens-transition-detransitionpuberty-blocking-medication. “When Transgender Kids Transition, Medical Risks Are Both Known and Unknown.” PBS, Public Broadcasting Service, www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/article/when-transgender-kidstransition-medical-risks-are-both-known-and-unknown/. “I Want My Sex Back: Transgender people who regretted changing sex (RT Documentary).”RT, RT 10 Sep. 2018 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-pxxBQm114k

Research Paper

Ayanna Kindell

Immunodeficiency. 

The line of approach I want to take will be to have my readers fully understand what HIV is and how it impacts the body within a duration span of infection. The human immunodeficiency virus is grouped to the lentivirus genus, which is in the family of retroviridae. There are two types of HIV, which are classified as HIV-1and HIV-2. 

Those who are HIV positive find out when they are tested by a doctor when they explain their symptoms. HIV destroys a part of the immune system. It specifically affects a certain type of white blood cells called the T lymphocyte or the T cell. it does not destroy the T cell, but more so invades the T cell so the cell will act the way the virus wanted to act. 

I currently have about three paragraphs which describe how this virus affects a person‘s body. They also describe where the virus comes from and how it came to be a global issue. Lastly, they describe how future treatments are done. 

When first infected, antibodies are made in order to defend the body against the newly entered virus. The antibodies attack and attach to the Invaders, those Invaders would be viruses and bacteria and once they are attached to the antibodies they are months to be destroyed. Having an  immunodeficiency causes a person’s B cell to produce fewer antibodies which leaves that person less protected against the infectious virus and diseases. 

There are two different kinds of immunodeficiency that can affect a person. They are called primary immunodeficiency and secondary immunodeficiency. Primary immunodeficiency disorders are immune disorders that people are born with such as  Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) Which increases one’s chance of getting cancer. Secondary immunodeficiency diseases are when outside infections attack the body. The most dangerous one would be HIV. 

Those who have the HIV immunodeficiency virus Have the virus in their blood, that interns destroys part of the immune system.It affects the white blood cell called the T lymphocyte, or the T cells. These T cells are called The Fighter cells in the blood, because it helps the body fight off  germs and diseases. HIV destroys part of the immune system.  Once entered, it attaches itself to a T cell and works its way into completely taken over, the T-cell and uses the cell as a cloning Factory to make copies of itself. If I was spending time, does he sound like he is going to fax and destroy the completely healthy surrounding T-cells  to exponentially grow within the person’s body. The now infected T cells cannot properly fight against infections. 

Someone who is hiv-positive will have the virus in them but may not see any effects until years later. It could take years for the virus to damage the T cells to the point where the individual develops AIDS. The person may feel fine or even experienced light symptoms but the virus will be replicating itself  within that person’s body all while destroying the existing T cells. Eventually this progresses to the immune system being severely weakened and no longer being able to fight infections. At this point the person is extremely sick. The doctor will diagnose them with AIDS if their T cell count is low or if they show signs of an extreme infection due to the immunodeficiency.

HIV leads to AIDS when a person’s T-cell count gets too low in the immune system and is weakened so many different diseases or infections develop within the person. That is AIDS.  A healthy person has CD4 helper lymphocyte cells. These cells are a type of white blood cells that combat infection. These cells are made in the spleen, thymus gland and lymph nodes.CD4 cells move through the body, which helps identify and Destroy germs in a body that hurt us. 

They fight infections by acting as Messengers 2 the other immune system cells, and tell them that they have to start fighting against the invading bacteria. HIV attaches to the cells, and infects the cells to use them as a factory to multiply. Once the cell is infected, the body starts to lose the ability to fight off infections. And once the T-cell count is too low they are in the stage of AIDS.

People who have AIDS are not able to fight off many infections due to their compromised immune system. They are more likely to get infections such as tuberculosis, in rare cases of pneumonia. They tend to also get sicker and sicker especially if they are not taking the proper antiviral medication. Lastly, they are very susceptible to developing cancer. 1 for a cancer that happens due to the HIV virus is called the kaposi sarcoma. The cancer starts when the cells in the body begin to grow uncontrollably. Adjacent cells Are at high risk of becoming part of the cancer if they spread to other parts of the body. KS is a form of skin cancer where the tumors form in the skin mucous membranes, lymph nodes and other organs.  The Afflicted cells forum red purple or brown blotches on the skin. Those blotches can be tumors as well. And they are called lesions. These lesions mostly appear on the legs or face. These lesions can become life-threatening when they are located in the lungs,  digestive tract or the liver. There are different types of chaos. The most common type in the u.s. is epidemic or Eads related KS. But there is also endemic and classic KS. This type of KS develops in people who suffer from HIV. When someone has KS then they automatically have AIDS. Chaos is caused by the virus  called the kaposi sarcoma associated with the herpes virus. For sure it is kshv. This is also known as the human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8)The only way to cure KS is to cure HIV. 

Approximately 37.9 million people have HIV around the world. According to the CDC, more than 1.1 million people are living with HIV and 15.8% of those are unaware that they have the virus. There are currently 40 medications that have been approved in the United States to treat the HIV infection. They are antivirals, vaccines, and sell / Gene Therapies. These medications have made the HIV infection manageable and help prolong the lives of the infected people And not make HIV a death sentence. However the ultimate goal is to completely rid the world of the virus. There are currently medicines and vaccines that are in the clinical trial stage or awaiting review by the US Food and Drug Administration.

South Africa has the highest rate  of HIV AIDS in the world. Around 7.7 million people are living with HIV in South Africa which makes southern Africa accountable for one-third of all of the new HIV infections. HIV prevalence rates are at 20.4% and are even higher among men who have sex with men, transgender women, sex workers, and drug users.  They have the largest antiretroviral treatment program. This program has helped them reach their 90 90 90 targets. That means that 90% of people living with HIV in South Africa are aware of their status. 68% of the people were on treatment.  of those who are diagnosed and we’re on the proper treatment, 87% of them were virally suppressed.  These numbers mean that approximately one in five people are living with the immunodeficiency disorder. Proper measures have been made to help people prevent themselves from getting the disease such as having South Africa being the first country to  fully approve the medication PrEP. 

HIV has had a huge social impact on sub-Saharan Africa.Many people have migrated from their homes because of the lack of clinics being able to be treated in certain areas. They are not as prevalent in certain villages, but have many clinics in population dense cities.  With more people moving out of rural areas, the clinics have less of an incentive to open a new center in these villages. Likewise, studies show that migration patterns of hiv-infected individuals return to their home villages to be closer to relatives so they can provide care for them. HIV AIDS has also stunted their population growth.  a report produced by the US Census in 2004 indicated that a lot of sub-Saharan countries are expected to experience a large decline in life expectancy. They reported that by  2010 life expectancy will drop to nearly 30 years of age. To continue, approximately 60% of hiv-infected individuals in sub-Saharan Africa are female. These numbers are disproportionate because in the United States females only account for 25% of the diagnosis. This along with other factors would lead to there being a gender imbalance and having males between the ages of 15 and 44 outnumbering their female counterparts.

One preventative measure has been providing adequate and disease-free blood to South Africans. The blood is provided by the South African National Blood Service in the western Province blood transfusion service. With their help in 2008 no cases of transfusion transmit HIV infection to report it in southern Africa. They have made a youth prevention team that teaches life skills, reduce the stigma, and Vince conversations about HIV.  another option is counseling and testing. This is vital to preventing any new infections. They also help develop strategies to prevent the spread of HIV  in high-risk populations such as  rural areas, workers, women and the youth. Lastly they promote behavioral changes to avert HIV infections. 

 A new class of medication has been made with the intentions to protect cells from the HIV infection by stopping the virus from attaching new cells or even breaking through the cell membrane. These are called attachment inhibitors.  one of these attachment Inhibitors attaches to gp120 Which is a part of the virus and stops the entry of the virus into the cells. best blocks any interaction between the gp12- part of the cell and the cell receptors. Gp120 Is a sugar protein that extends from the HIV virus to the sugar protein in the human cells. Another form of medication is called Gene modification. CCR5  Is a co-receptor  on the surface of cells that allows the virus to infect T cells. And without this it is more difficult For HIV to enter in effect the T cells thus making the cells resistant to HIV. Oneself therapy that is curly and clinical trials is used to modify the DNA sequence and coding in the ccr5. The cells are extracted, modified and then reinserted into the patient with the goal of providing the patient with a new population of cells that will be able to fight the HIV virus as well as other possible infections got HIV infected people often face. 

Although there are many treatments that have been found to treat HIV and prolong a person’s life, people are still succumbing to this illness because of their lack of knowledge  on this topic, or not being able to afford the very expensive medication. For a single HIV / AIDS medication  “The average cost of HIV treatment is $14,000 to $20,000 a year,” says Michael Kolber, MD, a professor of medicine and director of the Comprehensive AIDS Program and Adult HIV Services at University of Miami Miller School of Medicine in Florida. “If you’re paying $1,000 a month, you’re doing really well.” 

Some of these infections are preventable, such as HIV through unprotected sex, or sharing contaminated needles to  inject recreational drugs.  a person should regularly check up  with their personal care provider to test for immunodeficiency disorders. Not just for HIV but pneumonia, tuberculosis, diabetes and many more illnesses under this category.

Works Cited

 Blut, Arbeitskreis. “Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).” Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy : Offizielles Organ Der Deutschen Gesellschaft Fur Transfusionsmedizin Und Immunhamatologie, S. Karger GmbH, May 2016, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924471/.

Faust, Lena, and Sanni Yaya. “The Effect of HIV Educational Interventions on HIV-Related Knowledge, Condom Use, and HIV Incidence in Sub-Saharan Africa: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” BMC Public Health, BioMed Central, 13 Nov. 2018, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6234686/.

“Kaposi’s Sarcoma.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 1 May 2020, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaposi’s_sarcoma.

Oramasionwu, Christine, et al. “The Environmental and Social Influences of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: a Focus on Rural Communities.” Avert, 15 Apr. 2020, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21845169.

Vann, ByMadeline R., et al. “Can You Afford Your HIV Treatment? – HIV Center.” EverydayHealth.com, www.everydayhealth.com/hiv-aids/can-you-afford-hiv-treatment.aspx.

VRIES, ANNELOU, and PEGGY COHEN-KETTENIS. “Clinical Management of Gender Dysphoria in Children and Adolescents: The Dutch Approach.” Journal of Homosexuality, 28 Mar. 2012, www.hbrs.no/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Clinical-Management-of-Gender-Dysphoria-in-Children-and-Adolescents-The-Dutch-Approach.pdf.

Scientist Profile

Ayanna Kindell

ENGL 21003-Prof. Grove

Writing for the Sciences

CCNY Biology Professor Dr. Yevgeniy Grigoryev

Doctor Yevgeniy Grigoryevcurrently is a professor at the City College of NEw York located in West Harlem in New York , New York. In his younger years, he liked to disconnect pieces of any object and reassemble them because of his interest in it. He would see how the object works. Items he liked to dissabmled would be anything that would chime,tick or beep. As a professor, he advises his students to consider every single piece of information of a puzzle, because once everything is joined together the puzzle will be solved and the picture will be clear. His passion for science grew when his parents bought him a light microscope when he was 9 years old. He used his microscope often  to study items in his everyday life. Things like the color eyes ants had, or the reaction substances would have with water. At this point in his life, he did not know what he wanted to be when you grew up but he would soon learn that his passion would turn into a career . In college he either wanted to be a medical doctor or a research scientist. He was an undergraduate at the  Macaulay Honors College at Hunter College. In his time here he has received several awards such as a CUNY Honors College Scholars Award and won a research fellowship at the Rockefeller University. His interest in science was due to the desire to help sick patients and cure them. What altered his path was his grandmother being afflicted with Alzheimer’s.

He chose to become a research scientist, being as though the medical field could not help his grandmother with her neurodegenerative disease. In the field he chose he knew that he would be able to  study clinical issues such as the immune mechanisms of transplanting in organs, cancer treatment and its developments, and many more things. Once he graduated from Macaulay Honors College with his biochemistry bachelor’s degree, he left New York for Los Angeles California to get his PhD studies at the Scripps Research Institute. While there, he studied mechanisms of gene regulation, molecular biology and system genomics to list a few items. He utilized high technology known as throughput technology to investigate Gene regulation, and to study regulation mechanisms in the human response system in regards to transplantation. While there, in his lab he created new technologies around his research which was based  on immunology and functional genomics. That is the study of how gene expressions regulate biological functions. The message he created were simultaneous microRNA,RNA, and protein isolation with analysis

Professor Yevgeniy  says “the scientific background or the clinical need was necessitated by the current situation with a solid organ transplantation survival”. This is noted because Transplanted organs such as kidneys are needed due to the growing crisis of failing Health in North American society.  Many ill patients are dealing with continuous damage to their kidneys which results in kidney failure. The current answer for failing kidney health is transplantation which is when A donor kidney is surgically implanted into the patient and that kidney will take over the old kidneys functions and hopefully restore the patient’s health. This is where immunology comes in.  Our immune system is made to defend us from any foreign objects it detects. So let’s dive into the human body and immune system. The immune system is designed to protect us from all foreign objects that do not belong in our system. That includes infections, microbes, and bacteria. The specific cells in our immune system that offenders are called lymphocytes, or white blood cells, which have the specialized immune function to help us. As an antigen, which is an infection, microbe, or bacteria enters our body, our system gives an  immune response,which will then be activated and will retain an immunological memory of that one specific antigen and will send out signals to other cells in our immune system. Once these cells become immunized and develop their memory, they will survive and will be able to correctly defend our bodies from this antigen if it were ever to re-enter our body.

The same response happens when a donor gives an organ to a host when a transplant happens. The transplanted organs have a distinctive protein marker on their  surface which does not match the recipient of the organ. Putting a new organ from one person into the host will damage the organ due to the body’s response which will effectively kill the transplant. That is called a rejected organ. To rectify this, immunosuppressive drugs are prescribed to clear/ eradicate  the immune cells in the host in order to prevent memory retention and a formation that will over time destroy the transplant. the host will receive immunosuppressant drugs for the rest of their lives to keep their donated organ. 

Grigoryev’s research Also focused on the way genes are regulated during the process  known as lymphocyte activation. This will directly lead to the retention of memory cells have. One of his great works shows that despite a patient receiving immunosuppressant drugs, there is still some sort of memory. This was a major finding in the science community because as of right now, the rate of long-term transplant survival is extremely low, which could be due to the chronic damage organs face due to the failure of effective immunosuppressive drugs. Others  he made are more focused on the mechanisms that regulate which genes are expressed and those that are regulated once the lymphocytes are activated using a genome-wide setting. This was done by organizing and profiling all of the expressed genes under certain activation terms in the human lymphocytes.

Along with his interest in teaching science in research, he also freelancers as a science writer and works as a self-defense teacher in Krav Maga. He wishes to continue to write for science too many audiences as he has been doing. At one point in his life he worked at Nature Medicine , and interacted with many scientists throughout different fields. Those scientists being in the field of policymakers and technology experts, and many more. When he was working at American Journal Experts, he was editing pre-submission scientific manuscripts from people around the world who did not speak English as their first language which helped him diversify his linguistic skills. 

The future he predicts will consist of scientists being able to sequence DNA at a very affordable cost, with cell therapy and tissue engineering solving problems in the clinical field. These will help scientists in the very wide gene field. The original price for sequencing DNA was 2.7 billion dollars; it has now fallen to $300 according to OneZero.

Currently, Professor Yevgeniey works at The City College of New York.He teaches biology courses in upper level electives biology. He also aids laboratory instructors in biology courses, and manages the revision of laboratory exercises within the biology courses. He hopes that his scientific writing and PhD research will permit  him to introduce science communications to different audiences .

Introductory Essay

Ayanna Kindell

English for the Sciences

Prof. Grove

2/5/2020

Future Millionaire in Your Presence 

Writing for the sciences is not something that interests me entirely because I am not one that likes reading long boring texts about studies or medical breakthroughs or social breakthroughs. As much as teachers DON’T want to hear this, I am in this class because it satisfies my schedule and goes towards me getting a grade. It was needed and my schedule is perfect for me, I couldn’t ruin it with a Tuesday thursday class. I would like to own a business. This class can aid me with writing formal write ups about/for my business and allow me to have a certain level of professionalism that I am still learning and im trying to achieve. My goal is to own a business in esthetics. Probably in Miami or ATl or NYC. I love plastic surgery and everything surrounding aesthetics. I believe this class can assist. I think I am a little bougie, which is why I cannot stand lthings og low quality. Or maybe I just like high quality things in life. I work at Tory Burch and I really like it there. Mainly the pay bu also because it holds some status to me. I’m not flipping burgers at a fast food chain for minimum wage, I’m at a luxury store wearing nice expensive clothes and talking to people who probably have my entire savings at their expense. I see myself owning several businesses. I know for a fact I want an aesthetics shop. I think they are called MediSpas or Medical Spas. I will do dermaplaning, eyebrow tinting, microblading, laser hair removal, mole removal,fat freezing, lip injections, all of that and more! But I also want to own a hair salon in NYC, a nail salon in Atlanta, a clothing brand ( maybe ), and hopefully a really nice house in Atlanta or Miami. Hopefully both because the ATL is the hub for black business owners and I know I belong there. Miami because i want women who’ve recently gotten an enhancement to come to me to keep up their results. I know I’ll need one! My goal is to make at least 3 million by 35. That’s obtainable. I have a heart for this and I know how to invest money. This class can help me with writing more formal pieces pertaining to my business. I know that I’ll have to which is not something I look forward too, but it’s a necessary part of life. Maybe I’ll learn how to do my taxes, we’ll see Prof. Grove.